Alcoholism and Addiction
Addiction is a chronic brain disease that involving complex physiological process that inherent physiologic characteristics influence how individuals response to substance or drugs abuse and individual vulnerable to addictions. Scientists have educated a great deal about the biochemical, cellular, and molecular root of addiction molecular roots and it is clear that addiction is a disease of the brain in an individual. Most commonly abused drugs increases the synaptic concentration of dopamine. Of these, opiates, cocaine, amphetamine, codeine, morphine, ethyl alcohol, nicotine and other impulse stimulators have been most studied. Each of these drugs works differently but all have the same effect of increasing the amount of dopamine available which is binding with dopamine receptors in the noradrenaline (NA).
Alcohol addiction, also known as alcoholism, is a disease that affects people of all age of life. Experts have tried to reveal the factors like genetics, sex, race, or socioeconomics that may predispose someone to alcohol addiction. But it has no cause. Psychological, genetic, and behavioral factors can all contribute to having the disorder.