Addiction Psychiatry 2019
Track 1: Addiction
Addiction can be defined as the habit or situation or chronic condition which involves the repetition of a certain activity or convulsive taking of narcotic drug. Addictive drugs can stimulate pleasure and motivation pathways in the brain much more strongly than natural rewards, which fool the brain into prioritizing drug-taking over normal, healthy activities due to repeated exposure. Absent of these addictive drug make person look numb or abnormal both physically and mentally.
Being addictive also involve many legal and illegal drugs, gambling, sex, phone usage, social media and other impulses control. Addiction always results into violence killing, robbery, raping, stealing relationship breakage, family problems and death in the society.
Addiction is a primary, chronic disorder of brain which reward, motivation, memory and related circuitry. Dysfunction in these areas leads to characteristic biological, psychological, social and spiritual manifestations. This is reflected in one’s pathologically pursuing reward or relief by substance use and other behaviors. Addiction is characterized by inability to continuously maintain, impairment in behavioral control, craving, lack recognition of significant problems with one’s behaviors and causes interpersonal relationships, and a dysfunctional emotional response. Like other chronic disorder, addiction always involves cycles of relapse and re admission. If addiction is not treating early it may result to other diseases and premature death of an individual.
Mental health may have different meaning to different people. Person may think of control, happiness, contentment, order – but good mental health is often a sign of a positive way of living. Whereby mental ill health is the opposite of this, which causes problems and creates barriers to being happy in society.
Track 3: Addiction Therapy
For many people, the first step toward recovery or treatment is to acknowledging their personal struggle with substance used or dependence. The next step is finding a solution to treatment program that can help restore individual overall health, well-being and happiness both physically and mentally.
There are numerous treatment options that a person can choose. For people with chronic forms of addiction enter a detoxification program before transitioning into rehabilitation center. Some may begin their recovery at an inpatient or outpatient facility. After treatment, person recommended to counseling and continues therapy sessions.
Track 4: Drug Addiction
Drug addiction is a complex brain disease that requires serious treatment of the mind, body, and spirit. It is considered as a brain disease because drugs change the brain structure and how it work. Addiction is a chronic disorder that is characterized by drug seeking and use that is compulsive and difficult to control despite harmful impact. The recent decision to take drugs is voluntary for most people, but repeating of these drugs can lead to addiction or drug dependence that challenge an addicted person’s self-control and make them enable to resist intense urges to take drugs. These brain changes can be continuous, which is why drug addiction is considered as relapsing disease—people in recovery from drug use disorders are always at increased risk for returning to drug use even after years of stopping the drug.
Track 6: Psychopharmacology
Psychopharmacology is the branch of scientific deal with the study of the effects drugs have on mood, sensation, thinking, and behavior. It is different from neuropsychopharmacology, which deal with the correlation between drugs induced changes in the function of cells in the nervous system and changes in consciousness and behavior of an individual. It is also the study of the use of medications in treating mental diseases.
The use of drugs to alleviate the symptoms of mental diseased make psychoactive drugs, especially antipsychotics and antidepressants drugs which is among the most widely prescribed drugs today. Much debate surrounds the use of stimulants agents to treat attention that deficit problems and the side effects of antidepressants drugs, especially for children.
Track 7: Alcoholism and Addiction
Addiction is a chronic brain disease that involving complex physiological process that inherent physiologic characteristics influence how individuals response to substance or drugs abuse and individual vulnerable to addictions. Scientists have educated a great deal about the biochemical, cellular, and molecular root of addiction molecular roots and it is clear that addiction is a disease of the brain in an individual. Most commonly abused drugs increases the synaptic concentration of dopamine. Of these, opiates, cocaine, amphetamine, codeine, morphine, ethyl alcohol, nicotine and other impulse stimulators have been most studied. Each of these drugs works differently but all have the same effect of increasing the amount of dopamine available which is binding with dopamine receptors in the noradrenaline (NA).
Alcohol addiction, also known as alcoholism, is a disease that affects people of all age of life. Experts have tried to reveal the factors like genetics, sex, race, or socioeconomics that may predispose someone to alcohol addiction. But it has no cause. Psychological, genetic, and behavioral factors can all contribute to having the disorder.
Track 8: Anxiety and Depression
Anxiety is a general term for several brain disorders that cause nervousness, fear, apprehension, and worrying. These disorders affect how individual feel and behave which can cause physical symptoms. Anxiety disorders are often connected to depression.
Depression is a mood disorder that causes a continues feeling of sadness and loss of interest. it affects how individual feel, think and behave and can lead to a variety of emotional and physical problems As the result of drug addiction, The damaging impacts of drugs can create dysfunctional behavior in ways that can be hard to recognize from emotional disorder.
Track 9: Child and Adolescent Substance Abuse
Children and adolescents is an intermediate state of physical and physiological development that generally occurs during the period from puberty to legal adulthood. Substance use generally was higher among child wellbeing, which involved adults than community youths for lifetime marijuana use, lifetime and current inhalant use, and lifetime and current other narcotic drug use. Among both child wellbeing involved and community youths, wrongdoing was the factor most strongly associated with all lifetime substance use results. Notably, parental guide were important protective factors against current substance use among child wellbeing, by poorer emotional health is the strongest indication of current substance use drugs.
Track 10: Addiction Nursing
Addiction nurse specializes in the treatment of person addicted to drugs, alcohol or other substances. Addiction nurses are trained in mental health course in addition to general medicine. They provide pain management, counseling for patients and caretaker about the dangers of substance abuse and emotional support to patients in condition Addiction nurses are registered nurses who unique specialized in pain management, as well as psychological. These nurses are there to support patients undergoing medication for drug or alcohol rehab and also to teach them about why it’s important for them to maintain a clean and healthy lifestyle. Throughout treatment, these nurses will keep on monitor the pain levels, medication dosages, mental, physical symptoms and patient improvement.
They also regulate and monitor patient treatments as well as administer medicine given during the rehab process. They may talk with addicted person as well as their families about helpful programs or counseling that can help in escaping addiction. Addiction nurses may also give counseling to youths on the dangers of drugs abuse, alcohol and addiction. They will provide support, both emotionally and physically for patients undergoing medication for addiction.
Track 11: Behavioral Addiction
It is a type of addiction that involves a compulsion to engage in a rewarding non drug related behavior at times called a natural reward. Behavioral addiction can occur with all the negative impact in a person’s life without the physical issues faced by person who compulsively engage in drug and alcohol abuse. It is the state of compulsive nature of the behavior that is often indicative of a behavioral addiction, or process addiction, in person in community.
Track 12: Addiction Medication
Medications and devices can help reduce withdrawal from drug addiction symptoms during detoxification. Detoxification is not in itself as treatment, but only the beginning of the process. Person who do not receive any further treatment after detoxification usually resume their drug abuse habits. Medications are available for treatment of heroin and other prescribes pain relievers, nicotine and alcohol addiction. Scientists are developing other medications to treat stimulant such cocaine, methamphetamine and cannabis addiction. Person who use more than one drug, which is very common need treatment for all of the substances they use.
Track 13: Addiction Rehabilitation
Drug rehabilitation is the process of medical or psychotherapeutic treatment for dependency on psychoactive drugs such as alcohol, prescription drugs, and street drugs such as marijuana, cocaine, heroin or amphetamines. The general objective is to enable the patient to confront substance abuse, if present, and to stop the substance abuse to avoid the psychological, legal, financial, social, and physical consequences that can be caused by drug abuse or narcotic drug, especially by extreme abuse. Treatment includes medication for depression and anxiety or other disorders of the brain, counseling by experts and sharing of experience with other people. At the rehab center, several medications may take part to assure the recovery of the patient these include detoxification, diagnosis, cognitive therapy family counseling etc.
Track 14: Addiction Medicine
Even as a drug addiction or alcohol addiction threatens to rewrite an individual life, treatment options exist that can address the damage done and help the person to achieve normal health and balance piece of mind. Many research has been done over the last few decades on addiction and brain function. Cravings was found to be part of the ongoing cycle of addiction. Therefore through the research, scientists have discovered that specific drugs can block cravings for drugs or alcohol or can block the affect substance use.
Detoxifications one of the process through which the withdrawal symptoms of a particular type of drug or substance use are managed as the toxins from the drug are removed from the body excretion. However, this process of removing the drug from the body will also be accompanied by cravings in some cases physical, psychological and emotional of the individual. A number of stimulants can set off a craving response in the brain. These drugs seem to work by blocking the receptors associated with cues that set off relapse. But some cues are not affected by the blocking of these reward receptors.
Track 15: Trauma and PTSD
PTSD (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) is disorder that develops in some people who have experienced a shocking, accident, scary, or dangerous event or failure to recover after experiencing or witnessing a terrifying event. It is sometime natural to feel afraid during and after a traumatic condition. Fear or being afraid triggers many split second changes in the body to help defend against danger or to avoid danger. This fight or flight response is a typical type reaction that often protect a person from harm danger. Almost everyone will experience such reactions after trauma, but most people often recover from early symptoms naturally. Those who may continue to experience such problems may be diagnosed with (Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder) PTSD. Person who has PTSD may feel stressed or frightened even although they are not in danger any harm situation.
Track 16: Brain and Addiction
The human brain is made up of several parts that all work as a team. Each of them have different parts and has a specific and important job to do. When drugs or substance use enter the brain, they will interfere with its normal function and can eventually cause changes in how well brain works. With time, drug or narcotic use may lead to addiction, a devastating brain disorder in which person can’t stop using drugs or becomes drug dependence even when they really want to and even after it causes negative consequences to their health and to their communities and other parts of their lives
Brain is in charge of all the functions in human body needs to stay alive, breathing, moving blood, digesting food, our emotional responses, such as feeling pleasure when person eat chocolate. While the good feelings motivate us to repeat the behavior, which is good because eating is importance to our lives. brain is also link with individual spinal cord, which runs down the back for the movement of muscles and limbs as well as it lets the brain know what’s happening to the body.
Track 17: Dual Diagnosis
Dual diagnoses occur when someone has both a mental disorder and an alcohol dependence or drug addicted. These conditions occur together frequently Dual diagnosis or co-occurring disorders is a term for someone who practices a mental disorders because of indulge drinking, smoking or the person abusing heroin and other drugs during periods of mania. Alcohol and drug abuse be likely to occur with depression, anxiety disorders, schizophrenia, personality disorders, etc. The signs of substance abuse include: sudden changes in behavior, withdrawal from friends and family, loss of control over use of materials, develop in tolerance and removal symptoms. The consequences can be numerous and harsh. Persons with co-occurring of such mental health situation and substance use diseases affect almost 8.9 million Americans each year. Out of those only 7.4% receive appropriate treatment, with the large majority bounced among treatment systems with different and opposing treatment. There are only drug treatment centers specialize in treating complex co-occurring disorders. But researchers are still continues to reveal that people with co-occurring disorders need a specialized care and form of treatment, which is referred to as integrated services or dual diagnosis treatment.
Track 18: Yoga and Addiction Recovery
There are so many ways yoga can supported people specific to recovery from addiction to alcohol, food, cigarettes, and drugs, it would require specific books and practice daily.
Addiction is based on individual overwhelming urge to either promote or inhibit certain sensations which are felt as physical reactions. Yoga practice teaches person to be present and not avoid feelings or emotions that arise. In your physical yoga practice, when you commit to a pose, you are asked to remain present in usual uncomfortable sensations your mind and body. Therefore learning how to control or remain present and working through the discomfort of addictive drugs or behaviors can help person to break free of addiction.
Track 19: Forensic and Addiction Psychiatry
Forensic and addiction psychiatry are both deals with human behavior; forensics addresses the legal consequences of behavior, and addiction psychiatry studies and treats those causes of behavior resulting from the consumption of substances of abuse or addicted drugs. These approaches act differently, but each can learn from one other. Clinical differences are that medical thinking is not the same as that of the forensic medical thinking. There are many several the addiction psychiatrist can be of assist to the legal system in civil, criminal, and administrative parameters. This addiction psychiatrist will benefit from a basic understanding of legal procedure and terminology as well as how he fits into the society legal system and an awareness of what he has to offer in the community. Issues considered include the necessity for pledge information will and contract challenges, custody matters, malpractice allegations, dram shop cases, and administrative or licensing issues.